Friday, August 13, 2010

1980s, the PC era

Internal drives became the system of choice on PCs in the 1980s. Most microcomputer hard disk drives in the early 1980s were not sold under their manufacturer's names, but by OEMs as part of larger peripherals (such as the Corvus Disk System and the Apple ProFile). The IBM PC/XT shipped with a standard internal 10MB hard disk drive; however, and this started a trend toward buying "bare" drives (often by mail order) and installing them directly into a system. One interesting exception was Apple Computer's 10MB "widget" proprietary HDD introduced in 1984 and discontinued along with the Lisa a year later.

External hard drives remained popular for much longer on the Apple Macintosh and other platforms. Every Mac made between 1986 and 1998 has a SCSI port on the back, making external expansion easy; also, "toaster" Compact Macs did not have easily accessible hard drive bays (or, in the case of the Mac Plus, any hard drive bay at all), so on those models, external SCSI disks were the only reasonable option.

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